WHERE IS CRANBERRY GROWING?
The cranberry is a part of Ericaceae means Echium race and it is a part of the grapy fruits group which prefers temperated climates. Like many types which are included to the Vaccinium race, it likes low pH degrees means it prefers acidic soils. The cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait) is a bushy shaped, invasive short shoots developing plant, which can live many years, it is a wooden structured, multi year, evergreen plant. The plant is growing slow. The leaves are oval, small and are growing alternating stacked on the shoots. The plant is developing exposed roots which can grow 3-8 cm deep. 4 cranberry types have been selected in the 20th century, Early Black, Howes, McFarlin and Searles, these types are representing today the base of the cranberry agriculutre. By the time of ripening of the cranberries are classified as, the early birds are Beaver, Early Black, Franklin, Stankavitch and Wilcox, mid-season (Searles, McFarlin, Stevens and Bergman) and latish (Beckwith, Pilgrim and Hoves). For agricultural cranberry gardens, acidic soils (pH 3,5-5,5, avarage pH 4,0-4,5) and a lot of clean water is needed. The cranberry show spradout on the 40°-50° latitueds on the earth and on acidic and wetland, the cultivating is spreadout in America and Canada, and the beginning of cultivating was in the 18th century.
Today the cranberry is contended to the same basic consume fruits like apples or oranges. In the last year Poland, Austria, Germany, Russia and Turkey have started tryings for cultivating. In Turkey’s east Balcksea region (Rize, Trabzon, Ordu, Giresun) it is cultivated for dry reap in acidic soil and in the middle to west Blacksea region, it has been started to be cultivated for wet reap in restricted paddy areas
The important 5 rules for agriculturing cranberries can be listed as follows; pH degree 4,0-4,5 acidic soil (can grow in soils until pH 6,0 soil), lime free sand, for blasting and for agriculture in wet systems, good and clean water, the knowledge of the local climatal conditions, the weed control and the control of diseases.
The organic subtances in the soil of cranberries has to have a minimum contend of 3,5%, milt-clay 3% and the rest has to be sand. For the industrial cultivating of the cranberry on wetland, the wetlands have to be surrounded by high sets, in the shape of rectangles, and it should be confirm with a size that business machines can work in it and it should be low coded pans.
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